Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and also the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It absolutely was adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an post of dishabille and muske pidzame of evening attire, and is also synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the pattern similar to a good numerous Other people from your Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 many years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was at times the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mix product of smooth material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its muske pidzame sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century These are rather uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments such as nightgowns, in the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a kind of short costume top rated about shorts or limited pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps currently seek advice from Gals's mix daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.